Tudor House Style 1485-1560
- Houses were generally one room deep to hold the weight of the roof
- Little attention to outward display and style
- Asymmetrical arrangements of buildings looking over the courtyard.
- Most people had a shop on the lower level and lived above.
- Many houses were not decorated as most of their money went to the church until the Reformation around 1520.
- Houses were made of timber and mud.
- Wealthy owners had decorative timbers set into the panels, and more timbers in the house were a way to show off their wealth.
- Jetties (the little bit that over hangs over the lower floor) were another way to add space but also show off their wealth.
- Houses made of brick used them to create patterns.
- Decorative chimneys were fitted to show off that they had a a fireplace.
- Wealthy houses were centred on the hall, and one wing would have the private rooms and the other would the kitchen and service rooms.
Elizabethan and Jacobean House Style 1560-1660
- Brick and mortar became more prevalent down the social scale and farm houses being built with brick in an 'E' or 'H'.
- Houses became more symmetrical and faced outwards and not on to the courtyard displaying the owners wealth with a large number of windows.
- Columns an pediments were used but as decoration and did not consider proportion.
- Chimneys were becoming standard.
- Beams were more decorated.
- Windows had more decorated patterns but the diamond-shaped leaded windows were quite popular.
- Most houses for the lesser off were still made out of wood.reat halls were replaced with individual rooms.
- Stairs rose to prominence as now the upstairs rooms were important.
- Plaster ceilings are seen in finer houses but otherwise the beams were exposed in others.
Restoration House Style 1660-1714
- Houses began to change as per regulations and were built in stone or brick due to the Great Fire in London.
- The stories were the same height (they used to be different to highlight the important rooms).
- Houses from this period were often influenced by the Dutch which featured red-brick buildings with white cornice (the moulding that goes around the house).
- The roofs were hipped which is where they are all sloped towards the wall.
- Sash windows became available, where you could slide the bottom part up or down
- Decorations above the front door were more lavish and framing the dormer window.
Georgian House Style 1715-1790
- Tall Georgian terraces were creeping up as seen in Bath.
- The building facades became more plain but elegant.
- Portico (porches were popping up and there were steps leading up to the front door which helped because it gave light to floors below (which is where the kitchens were and there was access from the street straight into the kitchens this way).
- Rainwater traps were added to houses, sometimes there are dates on here which are not when the house was built but when the renovation was done.
- Fan lights (half circle windows) instead of dormer windows were above front doors.
- The windows were set back 4 inches after 1774 regulation rather than flush with the building.
- Plaster was used in the rooms rather than wood panels.
Regency House Style 1790-1830
- The terraced houses have balconies and bay windows so people could look out.
- The terraced houses became taller too.
- Greek influence was favoured more than Roman influences
- Window tax made bay windows expensive.
- Ironwork was more common in windows, staircases and porches.
- Sash windows had finer glazing bars.
- Wallpaper was bold striped.
- Picture rails appeared.
- Staircases had iron hand rails.
Victorian House Style 1830-1900
- Standard house was ‘two up and two down’ which means two rooms upstairs and two downstairs with kitchen and bathroom to the back of the house.
- Terraced houses had the doors in pairs instead of in the middle of the house or on the same side of the house as seen before.
- Round headed windows were more common.
- Ridge decorations on roofs were popular.
- Towers on houses were in fashion.
- Full height bay windows were common in the late Victorian and were often square.
- Halls were lavishly decorated.
- Bedrooms started to have sinks in them.
Edwardian House Style 1900-1918
- The semi detached was developed as the country prospered.
- Pebbledashed, hanging tiles and timber framing made an appearance.
- Chimneys were built right above fireplaces so they appeared halfway down a roof.
- Stained glass windows were popular in the upper panels and in front doors.
1930s House Style 1918-1939
- Detached houses with round bay windows were prevalent.
- The bricks were red and the porches were under the house.
- Simple planned house, front and back room, kitchen and 3 bedrooms upstairs.