This memorial is to Queen Victoria's husband Albert who died in 1861 but the memorial was not completed until 1876.
She was in mounting for a long time and this memorial suited her devotion to him. Prince Albert died of typhoid at age 41. The memorial is 175 feet tall and is near where the original Crystal Palace was. Crystal Palace was a place to show off the newest technologies around the world.
This was only reguilded in 1998. It had been painted black during WWI to not become a target.